top of page

What Type of Septic System do you have on your Property?

Updated: Feb 1

Choosing the right septic tank is crucial for homeowners to make an informed decision in selecting the best tank for their needs. As several options are available for homes, they provide numerous benefits to homeowners. 

While you’re considering aerobic septic systems to conventional septic tanks for your home, you must consider factors such as cost, type, size, and specific needs of your home. 

Having a septic system is essential to inspect it on time, one time a month. However, if you find any odors in your home, you should immediately take action.

So, which type of septic system do you want, either a chamber septic system or a low-pressure septic system? Follow this guide to know what to consider before making a decision.

What Are The 6 Different Types Of Septic Systems?

What Are The 6 Different Types Of Septic Systems?

There are several types of septic systems for homes available featuring modern technologies. But here are the top 6 septic tanks for you:

▪️ Conventional Septic Tank

These are the most common and old types of septic systems, widely used in areas with ample soil depth and volume. Conventional systems typically consist of a septic tank followed by a leach field, also known as a drain field. They function by separating solids from liquids in the tank, with the liquid effluent filter flowing into the drain field for further treatment by the soil.

▪️ Aerobic Septic System

Unlike conventional systems, aerobic septic systems use oxygen to enhance the breakdown of waste within the tank. This system includes an aeration chamber where bacteria thrive on oxygen, resulting in a more efficient breakdown of waste. Aerobic systems are particularly useful in areas with high water tables or limited space, as they treat wastewater to a higher standard before it enters the drain field.

▪️ Mound System

Mound systems are a type of septic system ideal for areas with shallow soil depth or poor soil conditions. They involve constructing a sand mound that contains a drain field. Effluent filter from the septic tank is pumped to the mound, where it is filtered through the sand, providing additional treatment before seeping into the ground.

▪️ Sand Filter Septic Systems

These systems include a sand filter and an additional treatment step between the septic tank and the drain field. The effluent is pumped through a sand filter and then to the drain field, providing an extra layer of treatment. This system is advantageous in areas with poor soil quality or requiring enhanced wastewater treatment.

▪️ Pressure Distribution Septic System

This system is designed for areas where the soil and topographical conditions do not favor gravity flow systems. It includes a dosing chamber that uses pressure to evenly distribute effluent over the drain field. This method ensures that the drain field is uniformly used, which can extend its lifespan and improve its efficiency.

▪️ Chamber Septic System 

The Chamber Septic System is an innovative alternative to the traditional gravel and pipe systems used in many septic designs. This system is characterized by its use of large, open-bottomed plastic chambers instead of the standard perforated pipes laid in gravel. These chambers are installed in the drain field, providing an area where effluent can percolate and be treated by the soil.

Which Septic System Type Do You Have?

When identifying which type of septic system you have in your home, it's vital to know what signs to look for.

If your system requires frequent septic tank pumping or has a drain field, it's likely a Conventional Septic System. 

Homes with a mechanical component, such as an air pump, often indicate an Aerobic Septic System designed for higher waste breakdown efficiency. 

If you notice a raised sand mound in your yard, it's a sign of a Mound System, typically used in areas with shallow soil. 

For those with a Sand Filter System, an additional large box-like structure for filtering effluent before it reaches the drain field is a key indicator. 

Lastly, if you know your system's dosing schedule, it might be a Pressure Distribution Septic System box designed to distribute effluent evenly. 

Regular septic system inspections can also help determine the specific type installed at your home.

What Factors to Consider When Choosing A Septic System Type?

What Factors to Consider When Choosing A Septic System Type?

While selecting the right type of septic tank for your home, these are some factors you need to consider:

  • Soil Type and Percolation Rate: When selecting a septic tank check soil type and percolation rate (how quickly water drains through the soil).  For instance, a Mound System is necessary for areas with poor soil conditions, while Conventional Septic Systems are suitable for more spongy soils.

  • Property Size and Layout: The available space and the layout of your property significantly influence the type of system you can install. Limited space may require compact systems like Aerobic or Sand Filter Systems.

  • Environmental Considerations: If protecting nearby water sources is a priority. Then consider systems like Aerobic Septic Systems and ensure regular septic system inspections, for eco-friendly. 

  • Local Regulations and Codes: Always consider local health department regulations and building codes. These can dictate the types of systems allowed in your area.

  • Budget and Maintenance Requirements: Assess both the initial installation costs and long-term maintenance expenses. Systems like the Chamber Septic System might offer cost savings during installation due to their simpler design.

  • Household Size and Wastewater Generation: The size of your household and the amount of wastewater generated daily can determine the size and type of system required.   Larger households might need robust systems for higher waste volumes.


Understanding the different types of septic systems is crucial. While selecting your choice should be informed by factors like soil type, property size, environmental impact, budget, and household needs. Regular septic system inspections are crucial to ensure the longevity and efficiency of your system.

Remember, the right septic system manages waste effectively, protects the environment, and saves you money in the long run. If you're facing challenges like chamber septic system problems or need guidance on the best system for your home, don't hesitate to reach out.

For taking expert Barnes Sewer & Septic team advice and a seamless installation experience, call us at (765) 584-7295. Let's ensure your home is equipped with the perfect septic solution!


bottom of page